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Directory macros/latex/contrib/chemarrow

New arrow heads for chemical reaction schemes            4 February 2001

1) What's the name of the game?

LaTeX can be used to typeset many kinds of different documents, but 
typesetting chemical reactions is esthetically not very pleasing because 
LaTeX's own arrows \rightarrow, \leftarrow and \rightleftharpoons which 
you might use for this purpose are too short and the arrow heads are not 
like the "standard" ones you will find in books or journals on chemistry.

The macro chemarrow.sty in conjunction with the font arrow.mf is supposed 
to make the typesetting of chemical reaction schemes in LaTeX easier and 
especially nicer looking.

2) Dateien

arrow.mf                   MetaFont source code of the arrow font
arrow.tfm                  .tfm Datei of arrow for the use with TeX
chemarrow.sty              macro for the typesetting of arrows in chemical reaction schemes
Readme.txt                 English Readme
testchem.tex               test file for chemarrow.sty and arrow.mf
Liesmich.txt               German Readme
Type 1/arrow Mac.sit.hqx   type 1 version of arrow for Macintosh
Type 1/arrow PC.zip        type 1 version of arrow for PC/Unix
Type 1/arrow.mp            MetaPost source code of arrow

There is no need to copy the FontLab file arrow.vfb included in both of the 
type 1 archives, I just put it there in case you want to enhance my designs :-)

3) Usage

The examples in the file testchem.tex should be sufficient for the
understanding of how chemarrow.sty works, and there's also a short 
description in chemarrow.sty of all the newly defined commands. To use the 
package, arrow.tfm must be copied to a directory where LaTeX will be 
searching for .tfm files, arrow.mf must be copied to a directory where 
MetaFont will be searching for MetaFont sources. The required .pk files 
should be produced automatically by a dvi previewer or a printer driver.

There are also type 1 fonts of arrow.mf in Mac and PC/Unix format so that 
you can produce PDF documents easily. To use the type 1 font it must be 
copied to a directory where TeX and friends will be searching for type 1 
fonts, the best place would of course be where the Computer Modern type 1 
fonts reside.

If dvips is supposed to use the type 1 font instead of the .pk font you 
must add this line to psfonts.map:

- for Macintosh:

arrow arrow <arrow

- for PC/Unix:

arrow arrow <arrow.pfb

If you use pdfTeX instead of dvips and Acrobat Distiller you must also add 
this line to pdftex.map:

arrow <arrow.pfb

4) Disclaimer

The macro chemarrow.sty and the font arrow.mf are quick hacks for my own 
needs, I cannot guarantee that they will work an other systems than my own. 
In exchange I am publishing this package as free software which means you 
can do whatever you like with it and it comes for free. I would just like 
to ask that in case you do make changes und publish the package or any parts of 
it to add your own name or replace it with mine. Thank you.

Any hints and suggestions will be accepted gratefully.

5) History

As I was looking for new arrows I found a quite new font named cryst.mf by 
Ulrich Mueller which I rather liked. After a few modifications the new font 
arrow.mf was born.

I received a macro by Andreas Hertwig with which you can typeset arrows 
that will change in size. I modified this macro to my needs and replaced the 
original arrows with the arrows from arrow.mf. The original macro was apparently 
posted in a TeX mailing list, but its author is unfortunately unknown. So, if 
you are the original author and read this I'd like to thank you for your work!

The most time consuming and complicated part was to produce a type 1 font 
from my MetaFont sources. Unfortunately there is no free software to do 
this :-(
Also, if you include .pk fonts into PDF documents you won' get nice results 
because Acrobat Reader renders them very poorly. Therefore it is vital to 
include type 1 fonts into a PDF document :-(

Using arrow.mp which is a slightly modified arrow.mf in combination with 
MetaPost and mfplain I was able to produce graphics in the EPS format which I 
imported into a demo of FontLab 3.0. After a few steps and reducing the 
size to 79% I was able to save the font in type 1 format.

6) Problems

Unfortunately I am no expert on creating fonts. This is probably why the 
arrows will show on some platforms only at 125% or larger. Below 125% there 
will only be some strokes :-(

I think if someone did a manual hinting of the font then this problem 
would be remedied, but this will probably not be me because this is out of 
my league and beyond the time limit of the demo of FontLab :-)

So if there is somebody out there who is able to help me with this problem 
I'd be grateful.

7) Future versions

To tell you the truth, I don't really know if there will be future versions 
because as far as I'm concerned the package works as it is supposed to. 
The direct linking of the arrow font in chemarrow.sty is maybe not so nice, 
so this might be something I will change in the future. The rendering 
problem of PDF documents on some platforms is also not very nice so if 
some sort of solution pops up I will publish it.

8) Thank-Yous

- D. E. Knuth for TeX
- L. Lamport for LaTeX
- to the LaTeX3 team for LaTeX2e
- A. Hertwig for being so nice to give me the original macro
- to the unknown author of the original macro
- U. Mueller for cryst.mf

9) Author 

Thomas Schroeder


PS: Sorry for any misspellings and such, English is not my native 
language :-)

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (432.6k).

chemarrow – Arrows for use in chemistry

This bundle consists of a font (available as source, source, and generated type 1 versions), and a package to use it. The arrows in the font are designed to look more like those in chemistry text-books than do Knuth's originals.

LicensesPublic Domain Software
MaintainerThomas Schroeder
Contained inTeX Live as chemarrow
MiKTeX as chemarrow
See alsochemarr
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