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Directory macros/latex/required/babel/base


Babel 3.94


This package manages culturally-determined typographical (and other) rules, and hyphenation patterns for a wide range of languages. Many language styles work with pdflatex, as well as with xelatex and lualatex out of the box. A few even work with plain formats. Included is a set of ini files for about 250 languages.

The latest stable version is available on https://ctan.org/pkg/babel.

Changes in version 3.94 are described in:


Apart from the manual, you can find information on some aspects of babel at:


The best way to install and/or update it is with the help of package managers.

Reporting bugs

If you wish to report a problem or bug in any of these packages please use the Issue Tracker for on GitHub and follow the guidelines that pop up if you press the New issue button.

In particular, to check that you are really seeing a bug, please write a short, self-contained document that shows the problem. This should include the latexbug package, which will warn if your test file is not suitable for one or the other reason. See the CONTRIBUTING guide for further details, or if you need to obtain the latexbug package.

If the bug turns out to be with third-party software then please contact the developer, and not us!

You may also report them to the current maintainer more informally on:


Bugs related to specific languages are best reported to their respective authors.

Summary of latest changes

3.94  2023-09-12
      * Chinese dates (numeric and sexagenary).
      * New locales: Javanese, Nigerian Pidgin, Maithili, Wolof.
      * Minimum locales: Balinese, Ladino, Old Norse, Lombard,         Navajo, Akkadian.
      * New transform for kashida (by Christian Lück).
      * Fixes:
        - Babel is not aware of \if@nonlatin conditional from bidi  (#256).
        - Referencing equations doesn't use custom tags (#260).
        - Hyphenation error with Tibetan and lualatex (#261).

Previous changes

See https://latex3.github.io/babel/#whats-new

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (2.1M).

babel – Multilingual support for , Lua, XeLaTeX, and Plain

This package manages culturally-determined typographical (and other) rules for a wide range of languages. A document may select a single language to be supported, or it may select several, in which case the document may switch from one language to another in a variety of ways.

Babel uses contributed configuration files that provide the detail of what has to be done for each language. Included is also a set of ini files for about 250 languages.

Many language styles work with pdf, as well as with XeLaTeX and Lua, out of the box. A few even work with plain formats.

Home pagehttps://latex3.github.io/babel/
Bug trackerhttps://github.com/latex3/babel/issues
Version3.94 2023-09-12
LicensesThe Project Public License 1.3
Copyright1989–2012 Johannes Braams et al.
2012–2023 Javier Bezos and Johannes L. Braams
MaintainerJavier Bezos López
Johannes L. Braams (inactive)
TDS archivebabel-base.tds.zip
Contained inTeX Live as babel
MiKTeX as babel
See alsopolyglossia
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