# Directory `macros/latex/contrib/fitch`

# fitch.sty

LaTeX macros for Fitch style natural deduction

## Usage

Fitch-style natural deduction is a system for writing proofs in propositional logic and predicate logic. This is a set of easy-to-use LaTeX macros originally written by Peter Selinger. It is used, e.g., in the various versions of *forall x* by PD Magnus (e.g., the original, Cambridge, and Calgary versions)

With these macros, one can typeset natural deduction proofs in Fitch style, as in the following example:

\begin{nd} \hypo {1} {\forall y \neg P(y)} \open \hypo {2} {\exists x P(x)} \open[u] \hypo {3} {P(u)} \have {4}{\forall y \neg P(y)} \r{1} \have {5} {\neg P(u)} \Ae{4} \have {6} {\bot} \ne{3,5} \close \have {6a} {\bot} \Ee{2,3-6} \close \have {7} {\neg \exists x P(x)} \ni{2-6a} \end{nd}

The output is shown above, and the corresponding LaTeX code below.

## Changes

**v1.0-beta, October 15, 2023** Adds `outerline`

option; improves `\by`

; fixes spacing when using `tabular`

**v1.0-alpha, Sept 30, 2023** This is an alpha release that adds key-value options to the package and commands for customization. It is not fully compatible with the 0.x versions (see documentation). Please report any issues or suggestions.

**v0.6, Sept 4, 2023.** Updated the documentation and license (from GPL to LPPL). The code is essentially unchanged.

**v0.5, Feb 8, 2005.** The ability to handle multi-line formulas was added.

## Download

The package is available on CTAN as `fitch`

.

The code is maintained on Github.

## Related packages

`logicproof`

: natural deduction with boxed subproofs in the style of Huth and Ryan's*Logic in Computer Science*.`lplfitch`

: Fitch-style proofs in the format used in Barwise & Etchemendy's textbook*Language, Proof, and Logic*.`natded`

: natural deduction proofs in the style of Jaśkowski, or that of Kalish and Montague.`synproof`

: natural deduction proofs in the style of Gamut's*Logic, Language, and Meaning*.

Additional packages for proofs, including Johan Klüwer's, are available at a page maintained by Alex Kocurek

## People

Peter Selinger, Dalhousie University, is the original author.

Richard Zach, University of Calgary, it the current maintainer.

## License

Copyright (C) 2002-2023 Peter Selinger

This work may be distributed and/or modified under the conditions of the LaTeX Project Public License, either version 1.3 of this license or (at your option) any later version. The latest version of this license is in

https://www.latex-project.org/lppl.txt

and version 1.3c or later is part of all distributions of LaTeX version 2008 or later.

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (290.3k).

## fitch – LaTeX macros for Fitch-style natural deduction

The package provides macros for typesetting natural deduction proofs in Fitch style, with subproofs indented and offset by scope lines.

Package | fitch |

Bug tracker | https://github.com/OpenLogicProject/fitch/issues/ |

Repository | https://github.com/OpenLogicProject/fitch/ |

Version | 1.0 2023-12-17 |

Licenses | The LaTeX Project Public License 1.3 |

Copyright | 2002–2023 Peter Selinger |

Maintainer | Richard Zach |

Contained in | TeX Live as fitch MiKTeX as fitch |

Topics | Maths Logic Proof |