% README -- Contents of the AASTeX macro package distribution Thanks for your interest in the AASTeX macros for manuscript preparation. This directory contains all the files in the distribution. They are described briefly immediately below. Following the file descriptions are short installation instructions, the generic recipe for printing the user guide and samples, and information about contacting us regarding the distribution. README This file aasms.doc Fully documented source for the "manuscript" substyle. Contains macro definitions + comments. aasms.sty LaTeX input style file for the "manuscript" substyle. This is the .doc file stripped of comments and unnecessary whitespace. aaspp.doc Fully documented source for the "preprint" substyle. Contains macro definitions + comments. aaspp.sty LaTeX input style file for the "preprint" substyle. This is the .doc file stripped of comments and unnecessary whitespace. aaspptwo.doc Documented source for a two-column preprint substyle. aaspptwo.sty LaTeX input style file for two-column preprint substyle. aj_pt.doc Documented source for the AJ plano tables substyle. aj_pt.sty LaTeX input style file for AJ plano tables substyle. apjpt.doc Documented source for the ApJ plano tables substyle. apjpt.sty LaTeX input style file for ApJ plano tables substyle. art8.doc Documented 8pt style option. art8.sty LaTeX input style file for the 8pt style option. eqsecnum.sty Substyle file that enables equations to be numbered with sections, rather than ordinally. tighten.sty Substyle file that causes "manuscript" style papers to be single-spaced rather than double. epsf.sty A copy of Rokicki's epsf.sty file that is supplied with dvips. It is included so that style files can be interpreted, and so that authors can include proper space for EPS files even if they do not have dvips. aastex.tex The user input guide for the package. sample1.tex Minimal sample paper. sample2.tex Sample paper with "typical" content and markup. samp2tbl.tex "Long" table for sample, marked up as a plano table in the manuscript. samptbls.tex Plano tables sample. Sets style and includes: table1.tex Sample plano table #1. table2.tex Sample plano table #2. table3.tex Sample plano table #3. graphics.tex Initial proposal to WGAS and Pubs Board suggesting standardized use of Encapsulated PostScript for graphics inclusions. sgi*.eps Encapsulated PostScript plots for graphics.tex. kspp.tex Preprint format proposal from K.Sellgren to the Pubs Board. paper1.tex LaTeX source for June 1989 AAS poster. paper2.tex LaTeX source for June 1990 AAS poster. aastex30.tar.Z All of the above files can be retrieved at once in this compressed tarfile, if desired. INSTALLING THE STYLE FILES The *.sty files must be "installed" so that LaTeX can read them. This simply means that they must be placed either in (1) the user's working directory containing the paper being processed [single-user installation], or (2) in the TeX/LaTeX system input directory [site-wide installation]. Individuals who obtain the files for their personal use should just put the files in the same directory that they usually use when preparing papers, memos, etc. with LaTeX. Sites that expect usage by several authors will probably find it preferable to install the files in the standard TeX inputs area. In the parlances of popular OS's, these areas are typically called /usr/local/lib/tex/inputs Unix and variants SOME$DISK:[TEX.INPUTS] VMS/Files-11 specification C:\EMTEX\TEXINPUT DOS The *.doc files are not actually read by LaTeX. They are the "source code" files for the corresponding .sty files. The *.sty files are produced mechanically from the *.doc files; these .sty files are never edited. Most installations of LaTeX keep .doc and .sty files in the same directory so that they can be easily found. We suggest doing the same with these. The user's guide and sample papers could be kept in a system-wide TeX inputs directory as well, but the system administrator may find it desirable to change the filenames somewhat, since they are quite generic and prone to filename collisions. PRINTING THE GUIDE AND SAMPLES The User Guide should be printed out for best results in reading it. The Guide is written using the aaspp substyle from the AASTeX macro package, and is therefore a LaTeX document. It must be processed by LaTeX, resulting in a compiled, device-independent format (a .dvi file). The DVI file has to be translated through a program that knows about the specific printer you wish to print on; such a program is often called a "DVI driver". Suppose you wish to print on a PostScript laser printer, and that the DVI driver on your computer system is called "dvips". The generic steps to be followed to get hardcopy are prompt> latex aastex prompt> dvips aastex prompt> print aastex.ps There are various system- and program-specific eccentricities which cannot be fully enumerated here. Some things to watch out for: 1. On some systems, TeX and LaTeX do not permit a filename extension (the .tex) on the input file specification; .tex is assumed. On other systems, it is optional. 2. Most DVI drivers do not require the .dvi extension on the input filename. The extension of the output file (the one destined for a specific printer) is variable, often a site-dependent configuration parameter. 3. The user interfaces for DVI drivers are quite inconsistent. Some operate in an interactive mode, asking the user about variable setup parameters, while some only accept control input on the command line. 4. On some systems, the DVI translation and printing are combined, so one would enter only one OS command after running LaTeX. There is no way for us to know details of your installation, so you must inquire of the system administrator responsible for LaTeX, or hope that someone has written the LaTeX "Local Guide" for your site. ADMINISTRATIVE DETAILS This package has been prepared by Chris Biemesderfer on behalf of the AAS Executive Office. It has evolved from a project of the Working Group on Astronomical Software (WGAS), chaired by Bob Hanisch of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore. We would like to express appreciation to the National Radio Astronomy Observatory and National Optical Astronomy Observatories for their support of this project during its germination. Comments, suggestions, complaints, etc., can be sent electronically. Community feedback is valuable, and will be retained and evaluated so that we can coordinate the evolution of the package with the requirements of editors and publishers as moderated by the AAS Executive Office and the Publications Board. firstname.lastname@example.org 7 Jan 1993 REVISION HISTORY v1.0, Feb 1989 Original test version written at STScI and NRAO. v2.0, Jun 1990 First public release of package to community following AAS meeting in Albuquerque. v2.1, May 1991 Changed style filenames: aasmanuscript -> aasms, aaspreprint -> aaspp for benefit of DOS users, and to conform to Posix. Fixed the textheight to compensate for header and footer space so that page numbers will in fact be on the bottoms of the pages. Updated journal abbreviations as per scheme agreed upon by various editors and announced by Helmut Abt in ApJ 357, 1. Added an assortment of symbols, etc. from Francois Schweizer. v2.2, Aug 1991 Rewrote the tablenote code, using ideas from a style file posted to the Usenet in June. This new implementation permits the use of any identifying letters (or number for that matter) for the notes, and will print them in the order specified by the user rather than assuming alphabetical. In the process, fixed a bug where the buffered tablenotes were not being erased from table to table. Revised the way journal abbreviations are typeset. Rather than simply being a string, they are now processed through a macro and the journal type style is parameterized. Moved the WGAS ID footnote to the last page of references from title page. There have been some "complaints" about this being present at all, but it is the only way we can keep track of the use of the package at this point, so we retain it. v2.3, Aug 1992 Formalized naming convention for style files (see Stynames.spc). Revisions for compliance with RevTeX markup. Added some revtex@ parameters for software development and tracking/reporting purposes. Changed mathsec substyle option to eqsecnum (mathsec.sty -> eqsecnum.sty). Changed \mathwithsecnums -> \eqsecnum. Changed \la -> \alt, \ga -> \agt. Added \text for cased fractions. Revised aasms to conform with preferences of UofC Press manuscript editors. Such things as ragged right text, no hyphenation, proper double spacing in tables, etc. are ensured. (G.Brady) Fixed bug that resulted in the persistent \footnoterule in table footnotes. (C.Pilachowski, P.Shopbell) Added a Makefile to ease development. v3.0, Dec 1992 Moved page numbers to top of pages, per request from ApJ editorial office. Created "plaintop" pagestyle for MSs that numbers pages at the top of the sheet, centered. Added \tablerefs, \tablecomments, \cutinhead, and \sidehead, macros to facilitate handling complexities in ApJ/AJ tables. Added plano tables styles (non-trivial!). This includes some new author markup that is applicable to "long" tables in MSs as well. Added a "planotables" environment, and commands for identifying structural parts of the table: \tablewidth, \tablecaption, \tablehead, \colhead, \tableheadfrac, \tabletail, \startdata, \nodata, \nl, \tablevspace, \tablebreak, and, in the plano style files, \ptlandscape. Fixed bug with preliminary plano tables that prevented \nodata symbol to be justified with numerals (usually r). The ellipsis or em-dash (or whatever) now centers horizontally as well as vertically. (C.Pilachowski, G.Brady) Added some internal parameterization and control of automatic upper-casing of section heads, etc. Authors should NOT be instructed to upper case anything; the style should do this when necessary. See remarks in .doc file for more information about how the style designer can control this "easily". Footnotes in MSs are same size as body text. Fixed bug in \altaffiltext so that increment LaTeX footnote now increments with alternate affiliation footnotes. The first footnote called out in the text will then be properly numbered N+1, where N is the number of \altaffiltexts. Added markup for ionization state: \ion. Added \singlespace, \doublespace so that leading can be adjusted by authors. Use of these is not encouraged. Changed \keywords syntax. Authors are now required to provide proper punctuation in the keyword list. The earlier attempt at parsing the keywords was problematic. Added EPS inclusion macros. These are designed to work with Rokicki's dvips program. There is some concern that these should have been designed to work with psfig instead. My opinion about that is that intermediate layer (psfig) is redundant with this package and by relying on it we require authors to have two additional add-on packages (dvips and psfig) rather than one. The psfig package and the EPS part of the AASTeX package both serve the same purpose, namely, to isolate the author from the details of the DVI driver. The AASTeX package goes a bit farther in explicilty defining descriptive markup semantics for specifying external plot files. Revisions for compliance with RevTeX markup. Changed \tightenlines -> \tighten. Changed \alt -> \lesssim, \agt -> \gtrsim. Changed \text -> \case. Added \slantfrac. Changed \applopt -> \ao. Added slug line markup for assorted administrative details. \revised, \paperid, \ccc, \cpright, \rectohead, \versohead, and \slugcomment can all be used in preamble. Formatting for slug line data has been isolated in internal \@dates, \@runheads, \@slug, and \@makeslugcmmnt. \@journalname and \cpr@holder have been added as internal parameters. Added \authoraddr front matter (or back matter, whatever) command for specifying author's postal address. This is the address that is preferred for correspondence. Added \markcite to correspond with references environment to provide non-BibTeX-based citation and reference list markup. \markcite does not do anything typographically in AAS styles because the citation call-out style is straight text. This is included partly for symmetry, but mostly because we want to start training authors to identify structure in their manuscripts. In the future, browsers with hypertext-like capabilities will be widely available to build linkage between citations, references, and the articles being cited/referenced, and this will facilitate preparation of the articles for such systems. Changed \appendix to reset the equation counter and to redefine \theequation. Added mathletters environment to support "subequations". This environment is used to suspend incrementing of the primary equation counter in favor of a secondary one, so that related equations can be grouped with the same identifying number while still being separately identified with lower case letters. I originally called this new environment "letteredsubeqn" but changed to "mathletters" for RevTeX compliance. Added \eqnum, \tablenum, and \figurenum commands to enable authors to override LaTeX automatic numbering for equations, tables and figures. The corresponding LaTeX counter is NOT auto-incremented when these commands are used. The commands function by temporarily overriding \the<counter>; formatting defined by \@eqnnum, \fnum@table, and \fnum@figure is not affected. Note that these commands must be used *inside* the appropriate displayed equation or float environment.