This is MDVI, a free DVI previewer. MDVI is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License. See the file `COPYING' for details. MDVI is currently is in its early stages of development, and needs much more work before being considered ready for general use. Although it is quite usable, it lacks key features that any self-respecting DVI previewer must include. See the file `TODO' for details. Requirements ============ - An ANSI C compiler (tested with gcc and Sun's cc). - X11 (no toolkits, just Xlib). - kpathsea. Any version should do, but I use 3.3.3. If you want to use TrueType fonts, you need at least version 3.2. - GNU Make, any version (ftp://ftp.gnu.org/pub/make) - To use Type 1 fonts, you also need the T1lib library. Get it from ftp://ftp.neuroinformatik.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pub/software/t1lib/ - To use TrueType fonts, you need the FreeType library. MDVI currently supports only versions 1.x (tested with 1.3) of FreeType. A port to FreeType 2.x should be completed soon. Get 1.x from http://freetype.sourceforge.net You can get all the necessary libraries from MDVI's anonymous FTP site, at ftp://mdvi.sourceforge.net/pub/mdvi. The files you'll find there are: kpathsea-3.3.3.tar.gz A stripped down version of the web2c-7.3.3 package that contains the kpathsea library only. Use this if your TeX distribution does not use kpathsea to locate files. t1lib-1.0.1.tar.gz The T1lib library, required to support Type1 PostScript fonts. freetype-1.3.tar.gz The FreeType library. tex-ttf-fonts.tar.gz TrueType fonts for use with TeX. These fonts are free, originally obtained from ftp://ftp.tug.org. dvips-config.tar.gz, pdftex-config.tar.gz Fontmap files Why use MDVI? ============= Although MDVI is far from complete, it already has some unique features. Namely: - A clean, minimal, but efficient interface. No buttons, no distractions. - Rendering of pages in 8 different orientations. - Independent horizontal and vertical scaling factors and resolutions implemented for all font formats. MDVI can closely match the final printed output as produced by dvips or other printer drivers. - Ability to partially read a DVI file, including a powerful mechanism to select the pages that are actually processed, based on either DVI page numbers, TeX \counters, or both. - Several ways of sorting pages, which is nice when viewing LaTeX documents that have a table of contents. Sorting pages up by TeX number, the table of contents comes up as the first page. - Modular design, with a clear division between device-independent code to process DVI files and the actual rendering of glyphs. Adding support for a new font format is a trivial task. - Ability to change all rendering parameters on the fly (including resolutions). - Can process DVI files in `batch mode' without a user interface. Useful for detecting font-related problems (and to generate all the fonts needed by a DVI file without actually displaying it). - Fully customizable via environment variables and `texmf.cnf' - no need for yet another configuration file to maintain. - Support for fonts in PK, GF, VF and OVF formats. - Support for Type1 PostScript fonts, metric files, fontmaps and encodings. MDVI can use the same configuration files and fonts used by dvips/pdftex. - Experimental support for TrueType fonts via FreeType 1.x, using PostScript fontmaps and encoding files. - Builtin support for font metrics in TFM, AFM, OFM0 and OFM1 formats. If a font is missing but a metrics file can be found, MDVI can display a box with the right dimensions in its place, or simply ignore the characters from that font. - Extensible: Support for new fonts and \specials can be added at run-time through an extremely simple API. - Font support completely configurable at run-time, via environment variables and/or command line options. The most important omissions in MDVI: - Support for X resource files. - Rendering of PostScript specials (but EPS bounding boxes are displayed correctly, unless they are rotated). - Transparent glyphs. Currently MDVI uses a cheap trick to simulate transparent glyphs, which consists in drawing with a GXand function. This will NOT work in many common X visuals, and even when it does it still does not yield correct results when the background color is not white. - Zooming. This effect can still be achieved by changing the resolution or the shrinking factor inside the viewer. See the description of keyboard commands at the end. - It's slower than it could be. These will be improved in the future, but for now the priority is robustness and correctness. Building ======== First make sure you have all the required tools and libraries, described above, and that they are properly installed. If you plan to use Type1 and/or TrueType fonts, you also need to have the configuration files used by dvips or pdftex installed in kpathsea's texmf tree. More precisely, you need the PostScript font maps and encoding vector files. If your TeX distribution does not use kpathsea, you'll have to install that library independently. It's not hard at all, and it's worth the effort. If the kpathsea library is in a standard place, you can just type $ ./configure $ make $ make install If the `configure' script fails, or if you want to enable additional features of MDVI, you can use the following options: --with-kpathsea-headers=DIRECTORY --with-kpathsea-library=DIRECTORY Use these to tell the configure script where to look for kpathsea --with-type1-fonts --with-t1lib-headers=DIRECTORY --with-t1lib-library=DIRECTORY The option --with-type1-fonts enables support for Type1 fonts. Notice that support for these fonts is not enabled by default. The other two options tell `configure' where to find t1lib's headers and the library itselg. --with-freetype --with-freetype-headers=DIRECTORY --with-freetype-library=DIRECTORY The option --with-freetype enables support for TrueType fonts. Notice that support for these fonts is not enabled by default. The other two options tell `configure' where to find FreeType's headers and the library itself. --disable-nls If you don't want MDVI to support languages other than english. Note: I have had problems during the final link against the kpathsea library on Solaris if the library was compiled with gcc, and MDVI is compiled with Sun's cc. To solve the problem, just use the commands $ ar x `gcc --print-libgcc-file-name` _eprintf.o and add `_eprintf.o' to KPSE_LIBS in the Makefile. Then the link should be successful. It shouldn't be hard to make `configure' detect this, but I don't think it's worth it. If you do, let me know. Fonts ===== To use Type1/TrueType fonts, MDVI needs PostScript fontmaps. These are usually distributed with dvips and pdftex, but you can get them separately from MDVI's ftp site (see above). Please notice that you need to have a correct fontmap entry for *each* font you want to use, or the output will be incorrect. Using MDVI ========== MDVI's UI is a bit primitive by today's standards, but it is easy to learn and powerful. It is driven exclusively with the keyboard, although some functionality is bound to the mouse. All the parameters that affect the reading and rendering of DVI files can be specified in the command line, and also via environment variables. To see a list of these variables, run mdvi with the `--info' option. Keyboard commands ----------------- Although some of this commands may be considered rather exotic, to say the least, they exist mostly to test the basic DVI interpreter and the rendering engine. Keyboard commands without arguments: PageUp/PageDown go to previous/next page Control+PageUp go to the first page Control+PageDown go to the last page Up/Down/Left/Right scroll the window in the given direction (the movement rate can be reduced by holding the Shift key while pressing the direction key, and further reduced by holding the Control key). Control+Fn save the displayed page number Fn restore a saved page number q quits MDVI b switches between human and TeX's eyes a toggles glyph antialiasing l redraws the page L reloads the DVI file from disk R rotates the page clockwise by 90 degrees r rotates the page counter-clockwise F flips the page vertically f flips the page horizontally ? displays a summary of keyboard commands on standard output (sorry, but this is all the online help available at this point). Keyboard commands that accept a numeric argument: The argument is typed before pressing the specified key. You will not see it, but it'll be there. Some commands accept negative or even floating point numbers. Command Description Neg Pos Floats p go to current page + ARG yes yes truncated j jump to page number ARG (last+ARG if negative) yes yes truncated t jump to TeX's page number ARG yes yes truncated d change resolution no yes truncated m change magnification no yes yes x change horizontal shrinking ratio no yes truncated y change vertical shrinking ratio no yes truncated n change pixel density (for bitmap shrinking) no yes truncated g change gamma correction (for antialiased glyphs) no yes yes where `truncated' means that all the decimal digits are dropped. Be advised that changing the resolution or the magnification may take some time, because fonts may need to be recreated by kpathsea. Also, not all fonts support arbitrary resolutions (Type1 and TrueType fonts do, as far as I know), and kpathsea may fail with a message saying that it is not able to guess the MF mode from the specified resolution. Using the --mfmode option might help. Mouse usage ----------- Button 1 displays a ruler that can be moved around the page Button 1 + Shift displays a horizontal ruler only Button 1 + Control displays a vertical ruler only
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mdvi – A DVI previewer
MDVI is a previewer for DVI files on Unix-like systems. It supports a rich variety of font formats (PK, GF, VF/OVF, Type1 and TrueType), uses kpathsea to locate files and is able to use the same font map files used by dvips, pdfTeX and ghostcript, making its integration with an existing TeX/Ghostscript installation painless.
The present version is said to be incomplete, but should be "perfectly usable".
GNU General Public License|
preview DVI files|