CTAN
Comprehensive TeX Archive Network

Direc­tory web/protex

README
  \ifx\documentstyle\UnDef\else\documentstyle{report}\begin{document}\fi
  \input ProTex.sty \def\CodeDel{{<<<-}{->>>}}
  \AlProTex{tex,<<<>>>,|,title,ClearCode} \<\><<<-

ProTex is Eitan Gurari's literate programming environment for TeX.
His monumental tex4ht package (http://ctan.org/pkg/tex4ht) uses it.

FILES
=====
ProTex.sty   -- Basic environment for literate programming
AlProTex.sty -- Adjustments to ProTeX
README       -- Introduction and examples for main features 
                of (Al)ProTeX (this file)

MANUAL
======
Eitan Gurari, TeX and LaTeX: Drawing and Literate Programming. 
   McGraw-Hill, 1994. ISBN 0-07-025208-4 / 0-07-911616-7
The dratex package described there is at http://ctan.org/pkg/dratex.
Various ProTex examples are in that package's file Examples.tex.

Table of Contents
=================
A. A Basic Literate Programming Environment
B. Other Basic Literate Programming Environments
C. Environments for Multi-Module Programs
D. Code and Documentation Produced from Same Specification
E. Examples B, C, D
F. License

 The code for the examples can be extracted from this file
 by renaming this file to LitProg.tex and compiling the 
 file with TeX or LaTeX (the Makefiles for Example C, however,
 must be extracted mannually).  The compilation puts the code
 in files progA.tex, progB.tex, progC.tex, main.tex, 
 aux.tex, macros.tex, progC.sty, and progD.tex.

A. A Basic Literate Programming Environment
===========================================

   \input ProTex.sty 
   \AlProTex{EXT,<<<>>>,title,list,[],`}

This environment adds to (La)TeX the following commands for handling code.

a. Definitions of code fragments         \<code title\><<<
                                         code fragment>>>

b. References to code segments           `<code title`>

c. Output files of code                  \OutputCode[EXTENSION]\<code title\> 
     `[EXTENSION]' is optional 
      when EXTENSION = EXT            

d. References to the character `
   within code fragments                 ``

Warning: Do not use 2 or more consecutive blank characters
         in `<code title`>

------- Example A: Single-Module C Program ----------------------------------
------- Put in file progA.tex and compile with LaTeX ------%->>>\<progA\><<<-

\documentstyle{book}

\input ProTex.sty 
\AlProTex{c,<<<>>>,title,list,[],`}

\begin{document}

\<body\><<<
printf("\n ``hello everybody``");
>>>

\<prog A\><<<
`<include`>
main()
{
  `<body`>
}
>>>

\<include\><<<
#include <stdio.h>
>>>

\<body\><<<
printf("\n");
>>>             

\OutputCode\<prog A\>      \end{document} 

------------ End Example A -----------------%->>>\OutputCode\<progA\>\<\><<<-


B. Other Basic Literate Programming Environments
================================================

a. Framing of code fragments can be requested with the option [[]]
   in \AlProTex, e.g.,
     
         \AlProTex{EXT,<<<>>>,title,list,[],`,[[]]}

b. Framing of code titles can be avoided by removing the option []
   from \AlProTex, e.g,

        \AlProTex{EXT,<<<>>>,title,list,`}

c. The characters @, |, and ? can also act as escape characters within
   code fragments (e.g., replace all appearances of ` with @ in Example A).

d. Line breaks within listing of code can be obtained with the command `NL%

e. Comments within listing of code can be obtained with commands of
   the form `%...`%

f. The choice of code-delimiters <<< and >>> can be changed by placing
   a command of the form \def\CodeDel{{open delimiter}{close delimiter}} 
   before \AlProTex.

g. The following command requests that future \OutputCode commands identify
   the titles of the different code fragments.  (Other information, like 
   page numbers in documents and line numbers in source files, can also 
   be incorporated.)

      \Comment{open-comment delimiter}{close-comment delimiter}

PLEASE EXAMINE AND RUN EXAMPLE B


C. Environments for Multi-Module Programs
=========================================

Multi-module programs can be divided into independent (La)TeX files 
that can be compiled either separately or together.  For instance,
in Example C

1. Three modules (main, aux, and macros) are defined independently
   (in main.tex, aux.tex, macros.tex) and are connected through a
   joint root file (progC.tex).  The different files import a
   common style file (progC.sty). 

      progC.tex        Root file 
      main.tex         LaTeX file for first module
      aux.tex          LaTeX file for second Module
      macros.tex       LaTeX file for third module
      progC.sty        Style file (imported by each of the above files)
      make files       Unix management programs

2. The files can be compiled separately (latex main.tex, latex aux.main,
   latex macros.tex) or jointly (latex progC.tex). 

3. To allow quick generation, compilation, and linkage of C-code files
   (see, e.g., the make files), joint compilations do not revise code
   files.

4. Separate compilations use chapter/section/subsection/subsubsection/page
   numbers that are collected in joint compilations.

5. In joint compilations, each module ends with an index to its code titles.

6. To allow nonrelated identical titles in different modules, and to
   save on memory, previous definitions of code fragments are deleted at
   the start of each module.  

PLEASE RUN AND EXAMINE EXAMPLE C 

D. Code and Documentation Produced from Same Specification
==========================================================

Example D demonstrates how math formulas and their code can be generated
from joint specifications.

PLEASE EXAMINE AND RUN EXAMPLE D



E. Examples B, C, D
===================

------- Example B: Variant of Example A -------------------------------------
------- Put in file progB.tex and compile with LaTeX ------%->>>\<progB\><<<-

\documentstyle{book}

                          \input ProTex.sty            
\def\CodeDel{{}{////}}
\Comment{
/*}{*/
}
                          \AlProTex{c,<<<>>>,title,list,[],`}

\begin{document}

\<body\>
printf("\n ``hello everybody`` within a           long`NL% line of text");
////

\<prog B\>
`<include`>   
main()
{
  `<body`>   `%a comment`%
}
////

\<include\>
#include <stdio.h>
////

\<body\>
printf("\n");
////             

\OutputCode\<prog B\>      \end{document} 
------------ End Example B -----------------%->>>\OutputCode\<progB\>\<\><<<-



------------ Example C: Multi-Module C Program ------------------------------
............ File progC.tex ...............................%->>>\<progC\><<<-

\def\Root{}  
\input progC.sty

\INPUT{main}         % import first module

\INPUT{aux}          % import second module

\INPUT{macros}       % import third module

\end{document}
............ End file progC.tex .............%->>>\OutputCode\<progC\>\<\><<<-

............ File main.tex ..................................%->>>\<main\><<<-
\input progC.sty

\<include files\><<<
#include "aux.h"
#include "macros.h"
#include <stdio.h>
>>>

\chapter{Outline}

All the code in this module is included in file main.c.

\section{The Main Program}

This program does not handle the case in which the input consists just
of one 0. 

\<main.c\><<<
int main()
{
  `<main's vars`>
  `<read input values, count them, and record their sum`>
  `<compute and output the average of the input values`>
  exit(0);
}  
>>>

\chapter{The Actual Actions}

\section{Process the Input Values}

The input must end with 0.

\<read input values, count them, and record their sum\><<<
initialize_sum_count();
WHILE  TRUE  DO
  printf("\n Value (0 to stop)?  ");
  scanf("%d", &value);
  IF  value == 0 THEN  break;  FI
  add_value(value);
END
>>>

\<main's vars\><<<
int value;
>>>

\section{Find the Result and Print It Out}

\<compute and output the average of the input values\><<<
result = get_average();
printf("\n Average = %f\n", result);
>>>

\<main's vars\><<<
double result;
>>>

\BYE{ \OutputCodE\<main.c\> }
............ End file main.tex ..............%->>>\OutputCode\<main\>\<\><<<-

............ File aux.tex ...................................%->>>\<aux\><<<-
\input progC.sty 

\chapter{Reusable Functions}

\section{Shared Variable}

The following code is included in reusable.c.

\<vars\><<<
int count;
double sum;
>>>

\section{Setting Initial Conditions}

The following code is included in reusable.h.

\<export functions\><<<
void initialize_sum_count();
>>>

The following code is included in reusable.c.

\<functions\><<<
void initialize_sum_count()
{
  count = 0; 
  sum   = 0.0;
}
>>>

\section{Processing New Values}

\<export functions\><<<
void  add_value();
>>>


\<functions\><<<
void  add_value(value)
{
  count++;
  sum += value;
}
>>>


\section{Computing the Average}

\<export functions\><<<
double  get_average();
>>>

\<functions\><<<
double  get_average()
{
  return  sum / count;
}
>>>

Old files reusable.h and reusable.c are replaced when this
file (i.e., reusable.tex) is compiled, but not when progC.tex is compiled.

\BYE{ \OutputCodE\<aux.h\>
      \OutputCodE\<aux.c\>  }
............ End file aux.tex ................%->>>\OutputCode\<aux\>\<\><<<-

............ File macros.tex .............................%->>>\<macros\><<<-
\input progC.sty

\chapter{C Macros}

Algol-oriented  flavor.

\<macros.h\><<<
#define TRUE   1
#define IF     if (
#define THEN   ) {
#define ELSE   }else{
#define ELSEIF }else if(
#define FI     }
#define WHILE  while(
#define FOR    for(
#define WITH   ;
#define STEP   ;
#define DO     ){
#define BEGIN  {
#define END    }
#define CASE   switch(
#define OF     ){
>>>

\BYE{ \OutputCodE\<macros.h\> }
............ End file macros.tex ..........%->>>\OutputCode\<macros\>\<\><<<-

............ File progC.sty .....................%->>>\ClearCode\<progC\><<<-
\ifx\Code\undefined

  \hbadness=10000     \vbadness=10000  \hfuzz=99in \vfuzz=99in
  \ifx \documentstyle\UnDef
     %load private style
  \else
     \documentstyle{book}
     \let\cleardoublepage=\clearpage
     \begin{document}
  \fi
  \input ProTex.sty

  \ifx \Root\UnDef
     \AlProTex{c,<<<>>>,[],list,title,`,_^,ClearCode}       
  \else
     \AlProTex{c,<<<>>>,[],list,title,`,_^,ClearCode,ShowIndex}
     \let\SvShowIndex=\ShowIndex
     \def\ShowIndex{\let\ShowIndex=\SvShowIndex}
  \fi
  \def\CodeId#1#2{#1.#2-pg:\the\pageno-ln:\the\inputlineno}

  \let\FileName=\jobname
  \def\INPUT#1{
    \def\FileName{#1}
    \immediate\openout15=#1.pg
    \immediate\write15{%
      \string \pageno=\the\pageno\string \relax     
      \string \csname\space c@page\string \endcsname =
          \expandafter\the\csname c@page\endcsname\string \relax     
      \string \csname\space c@chapter\string \endcsname =
          \expandafter\the\csname c@chapter\endcsname\string \relax  
      \string \csname\space c@section\string \endcsname =
          \expandafter\the\csname c@section\endcsname\string \relax  
      \string \csname\space c@subsection\string \endcsname =
          \expandafter\the\csname c@subsection\endcsname\noexpand\relax
      \string \csname\space c@subsubsection\string \endcsname =
          \expandafter\the\csname c@subsubsection\endcsname\noexpand\relax
    }
    \immediate\closeout15
    \input #1
  }

  \ifx \documentstyle\UnDef \errmessage{--- This is a LaTeX file ---}\fi
  \title{Averaging Numbers}
  \date{2 October 1994}
  \maketitle
  \tableofcontents

  \openin15=\jobname.pg
  \ifeof15 \else \input \jobname.pg \fi
  \closein15
  \def\OutputCodE\<#1.#2\>{%
    \csname :DoName\endcsname\def{#1}{\<#1.#2\>}%
    \OutputCode[#2]\<#1\>}
  \let\xxxOutputCode=\OutputCodE
  \def\xxOutputCode\<#1.#2\>{%
    \openin15=#1.#2
    \ifeof15 \xxxOutputCode\<#1.#2\>\fi
    \closein15 }
\fi

\ifx \BYE\undefined  \def\BYE#1{#1\end{document}}
\else                \def\BYE#1{{\let\OutputCodE=\xxOutputCode #1}%
                                 \ShowIndex\ClearCode}\fi

                                             \ifx\Root\NotDef 
\vfill\break\noindent\hfil\underbar{\bf INPUT FILE: \FileName .tex}

\<\FileName.h\><<<
`<export define`>
`<export types`>
`<export vars`>
`<export functions`>
>>>

\<\FileName.c\><<<
`<include files`>
`<define`>
`<types`>
`<header functions`>
`<vars`>
`<functions`>
>>>

                                             \else \let\Root=\NotDef \fi

\Comment{
/*}{*/
}

............ End file progC.sty ........%->>>\OutputCode[sty]\<progC\>\<\><<<-

............ Make file 1 .....................................................
# make -fS  make.1
# call LaTeX and C for revised files 

all :	progC
	progC

main.c:   main.tex
	  rm -f main.llog
	  latex main > main.llog

aux.c:    aux.tex
	  rm -f aux.llog
	  latex aux > aux.llog

aux.h:    aux.tex
	  rm -f aux.llog
	  latex aux > aux.llog 

macros.h:   macros.tex
	    rm -f macros.llog
	    latex macros > macros.llog

aux.o:  aux.c aux.h macros.h
	cc -c aux.c

main.o: main.c aux.h macros.h
	cc -c main.c

progC :  main.o aux.o
	   cc -o progC main.o aux.o 

............ End make file 1 ................................................
............ Make file 2 ....................................................
# make -fS  make.2
# call LaTeX in background for revised files 

all :	main.c aux.c macros.h

main.c:   main.tex
	  rm -f main.llog
	  latex main > main.llog &

aux.c:    aux.tex
	  rm -f aux.llog
	  latex aux > aux.llog &

macros.h:   macros.tex
	    rm -f macros.llog
	    latex macros > macros.llog &

............ End make file 2 .................................................
------------ End Example C -------------------------------------------------



------------ Example D: Joint Specification --------------%->>>\<progD\><<<-
\documentstyle{report}
\input ProTex.sty
\AlProTex{code,<<<>>>,[],title,list}
%......................................................................
\def\Formula#1#2{\ifx#1\UnDefined\else\immediate\write16
      {--- warning --- Redefine equation for \string#1 ---}\fi
  \gdef#1{%
          \expandafter\ifx \csname :Tb\endcsname\relax
             \ifmmode \InMath #2
             \else \vskip\smallskipamount\noindent\hfil 
                   $ \let\InText=\relax  \InMath #2 $%
                   \vskip\smallskipamount 
             \fi
          \else #2\fi}%
}
\let\PrevModifyShowCode=\ModifyShowCode
\def\ModifyShowCode{\InCode \PrevModifyShowCode  }
\let\PrevModifyOutputCode=\ModifyOutputCode
\def\ModifyOutputCode{\InCode  \PrevModifyOutputCode  }
\def\InCode{%
  \def\divide##1##2{((##1) / (##2))}%
  \def\sqrt##1{SQRT(##1)}%
  \def\cdot{ * }%
  \def\sin##1{(sin(##1))}%
  \def\power##1##2{(##1)**(##2)}%
  \def\NewLn{\csname :Ln\endcsname}%
  }
\def\InMath{%
  \def\divide##1##2{\ifx\LaTeX\undefined{##1\over##2}\else
                                        {\frac{##1}{##2}}\fi}%
  \def\power##1##2{##1^{##2}}%
  \def\NewLn{\ifinner
                \ifx\InText\realx \else  \hfil\break\null\hfil \fi
             \else $$$$\InMath \fi}%
  }
%......................................................................
\begin{document}

Metalanguage: {\tt\string\divide}, {\tt\string\sqrt},  {\tt\string\cdot},
{\tt\string\sin}, {\tt\string\power}, {\tt\string\NewLn}.

\Formula\f{\divide{x}{\sqrt{1+\power{x}{2}}}\cdot
              \NewLn             \sin{\divide{y}{x}}}

Formula \f{} and its code

\<formula\><<<
w = \f
>>>

Same formula in math modes $\f$ and $$\f$$.

\OutputCode\<formula\>      \end{document} 

------------ End Example D -----------%->>>\OutputCode\<progD\>\end{document}

F. License
==========
% Copyright 2016 TeX Users Group
% Copyright 1990-1999 Eitan M. Gurari          
%                                                      
% This program can redistributed and/or modified under 
% the terms of the LaTeX Project Public License        
% Distributed from CTAN archives in directory          
% macros/latex/base/lppl.txt; either version 1 of the  
% License, or (at your option) any later version.      
%                                                      
% This work has the LPPL maintenance status "maintained".
%
% The Current Maintainer of this work
% is the TeX4ht Project <http://tug.org/tex4ht>.

Down­load the con­tents of this pack­age in one zip archive (21.7k).

pro­tex – Lit­er­ate pro­gram­ming pack­age

ProTeX is a sim­ple but pow­er­ful lit­er­ate pro­gram­ming tool, which is de­signed to gen­er­ate use­ful hy­per­text out­put (ei­ther PDF, or HTML us­ing TeX4ht).

Pack­agepro­tex
Ver­sion 2016-07-04
Li­censeThe LaTeX Project Public Li­cense
Copy­right1990,1991 Ei­tan M. Gu­rari
Main­tainerTeX4ht Team
Ei­tan M. Gu­rari (in­ac­tive)
Con­tained inTeX Live as pro­tex
MiKTeX as pro­tex
Topics lit­er­ate pro­gram­ming
...
Guest Book Sitemap Contact Contact Author